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Laser Cutting Cost Table & Calculator (1000W-15000W)

Last updated:
March 1, 2024

Table Of Contents

Maybe you bought a laser cutting machine to provide processing services. However, the specific quotation should be based on the cost of laser cutting, because cost plus profit is the final quotation of laser cutting.

Generally, laser processing services are charged by time. Of course, some processing service providers charge by workpiece. Even so, its quotation is calculated based on the hourly cost of laser cutting.

The cost of laser cutting mainly includes power consumption, vulnerable parts consumption, gas consumption, etc. Different laser power and different auxiliary gas will make the final laser cutting cost different.

So, what is the specific cost of laser cutting? You can refer to the laser cutting cost table below to find it. Of course, you can also use the laser cutting cost calculator below to do the calculation.

1000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III:Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
1000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power3 kw3 kw3 kw
Water Chiller Group3.5 kw3.5 kw3.5 kw
Main Machine6 kw6 kw6 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.85 USD /h
Total Power21 kw15.5 kw15.5 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)21×60%=12.6 kw15.5×60%=9.3 kw15.5×60%=9.3 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)2.23 USD/ h2.85 USD/ h11.66 USD/ h

1500W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
1500wPower ConsumptionLaser Power4.5 kw4.5 kw4.5 kw
Water Chiller Group3.5 kw3.5 kw3.5 kw
Main Machine6 kw6 kw6 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.85 USD /h
Total Power22.5 kw17 kw17 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)22.5×60%=13.5 kw17×60%=10.2 kw17×60%=10.2 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)2.46 USD/ h2.85 USD/ h11.8 USD/ h

2000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
2000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power6 kw6 kw6 kw
Water Chiller Group5.7 kw5.7 kw5.7 kw
Main Machine6 kw6 kw6 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.85 USD /h
Total Power26.2 kw20.7 kw20.7 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)26.2×60%=15.72 kw20.7×60%=12.42 kw20.7×60%=12.42 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)2.8 USD/ h3.32 USD/ h12.14 USD/ h

3000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
3000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power9 kw9 kw9 kw
Water Chiller Group5.7 kw5.7 kw5.7 kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.85 USD /h
Total Power33.2 kw27.7 kw27.7 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)33.2×60%=19.92 kw27.7×60%=16.62 kw27.7×60%=16.62 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)3.23 USD/ h3.78 USD/ h12.6 USD/ h

4000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
4000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power12 kw12 kw12 kw
Water Chiller Group6 kw6 kw6 kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 0.97 USD /happrox 9.14 USD /h
Total Power36.5 kw31 kw31 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)36.5×60%=21.9 kw31×60%=18.6 kw31×60%=18.6 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)3.49 USD/ h3.97 USD/ h12.2 USD/ h

6000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
6000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power18 kw18 kw18 kw
Water Chiller Group7.9kw7.9 kw7.9 kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.85 USD /h
Total Power44.4 kw38.9 kw38.9 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)44.4×60%=26.64 kw38.9×60%=23.34 kw38.9×60%=23.34 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)4.48 USD/ h5.01 USD/ h13.82 USD/ h

8000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
8000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power24 kw24 kw24 kw
Water Chiller Group10kw10kw10kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 1.03 USD /happrox 9.14 USD /h
Total Power52.5 kw47 kw47 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)52.5×60%=31.5 kw47×60%=28.2 kw47×60%=28.2 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)4.86 USD/ h5.34 USD/ h13.52 USD/ h

10000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
10000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power30kw30kw30kw
Water Chiller Group10kw10kw10kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h0.38 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 0.96 USD /happrox 9.14 USD /h
Total Power58.5 kw53 kw53 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)58.5×60%=35.1 kw53×60%=31.8 kw53×60%=31.8 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)4.86 USD/ h5.86 USD/ h14.0 USD/ h

12000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
12000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power36kw36kw36kw
Water Chiller Group12kw12kw12kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.36 USD /h0.36 USD /h0.36 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 0.96 USD /happrox 9.14 USD /h
Total Power66.5 kw61 kw61 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)66.5×60%=40 kw61×60%=36.6 kw61×60%=36.6 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)6.07 USD/ h6.54 USD/ h14.72 USD/ h

15000W Laser Cutting Cost Table

Laser PowerAssisted Gas ConsumptionOption I: Using Air Compressor Cutting Stainless SteelOption II: Using O2 Cutting Stainless SteelOption III: Using N2 Cutting Stainless Steel
15000wPower ConsumptionLaser Power45kw45kw45kw
Water Chiller Group15kw15kw15kw
Main Machine10 kw10 kw10 kw
Dust Exhausting Equipment3 kw3 kw3 kw
Consumable Part0.36 USD /h0.36 USD /h0.36 USD /h
Gas Consumption5.5 kwapprox 0.96 USD /happrox 9.14 USD /h
Total Power78.5 kw73 kw73 kw
Average Power Consumption(Take 60% Cutting Efficiency)78.5×60%=47.1 kw73×60%=43.8 kw73×60%=43.8 kw
All cost (0.15 USD/Kwh)7.09 USD/ h7.57 USD/ h15.76 USD/ h

Understanding Laser Cutting

Laser cutting is a precise method of cutting a design from a given material. It utilizes a focused laser beam to melt, burn, or vaporize the material, resulting in a high-quality finish.

Laser Cutting Processes

Laser cutting involves several processes, each suited for different applications. The three primary types of lasers used are CO2Nd (neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet), and fiber lasersCO2 lasers are ideal for cutting, engraving, and boring non-metal materials and are widely used due to their efficiency. Nd lasers are used for both metal and non-metal materials and are known for their high energy and ability to cut thicker materials. Fiber lasers are the most advanced, efficient at cutting reflective metals and characterized by their speed, quality, and lower maintenance requirements due to the absence of moving parts.

Materials and Thickness

The choice of material and its thickness are key factors determining the laser’s power requirements and cutting speed. Lasers can precisely cut through a range of materials, including:

  • Metals (e.g., steel, aluminum, brass)
  • Plastics (e.g., acrylic, polycarbonate)
  • Wood
  • Glass
  • Fabrics

The thickness of these materials can vary, typically from less than a millimeter up to 20 millimeters for metals, and even thicker for softer materials like wood and plastics. Thicker materials generally require more laser power or slower cutting speeds to achieve the desired quality.

Benefits of Laser Cutting

Laser cutting offers significant advantages over traditional mechanical cutting methods. These benefits include:

  • High Precision: The laser beam does not wear during the cutting process, ensuring a consistently high level of detail.
  • Flexibility: It can easily cut complex shapes and fine contours.
  • Speed: Laser cutting is much faster compared to many traditional cutting methods, especially for intricate designs or fine details.
  • Quality: Produces high-quality, clean cuts with a smooth finish, requiring minimal post-processing.
  • Low Heat Impact: A small heat-affected zone (HAZ) minimizes thermal deformation of the workpiece.

Factors Influencing Laser Cutting Cost

The cost of laser cutting is not a singular figure; it fluctuates based on a range of factors from the material used to the intricacies of the design. Understanding each element can lead to more effective budgeting and cost reductions.

Material Costs

  • Types of Materials: Different materials have varying costs, with metals generally being more expensive than plastics.
  • Material Thickness: Thicker materials often lead to increased costs due to the higher laser power required and slower cutting speeds.

Machine Operating Costs

  • Machine Power: Higher power laser machines may cost more to operate due to increased energy consumption.
  • Maintenance: Regular maintenance is necessary to keep the laser cutter in optimal condition, which involves additional costs.

Labor Costs

  • Setup Time: The time needed to set up the machine for specific jobs contributes to labor costs.
  • Operators’ Skill: Skilled operators can increase efficiency but may command higher wages.

Design Complexity

  • Cut Intricacies: More complex designs require more time and precision, raising costs.
  • File Preparation: The need for significant design work prior to cutting can also affect the overall cost.

Production Volume

  • Single vs. Bulk Orders: Larger order quantities can reduce the cost per unit due to economies of scale.
  • Recurring Orders: Regular, repeat orders could lead to lower costs as setup and design processes become streamlined over time.

Calculating Laser Cutting Costs

When assessing the cost of laser cutting, it’s essential to understand both the per-unit expenses and software tools available for accurate estimation.

Per-Unit Cost Calculation

To calculate the per-unit cost of laser cutting, one must consider multiple factors:

  • Material Type: Harder materials may increase the wear on cutting equipment.
  • Material Thickness: Thicker materials require more energy and time to cut.
  • Complexity: Intricate designs necessitate slower speeds and more detailed work, increasing costs.
  • Cutting Speed: Faster cutting speeds can reduce costs but may affect quality.
  • Quantity: Higher volumes often reduce the cost per unit due to economies of scale.

A typical per-unit cost calculation formula would look something like this:

Per-Unit Cost = (Material Cost + Labor Cost + Overhead Cost + Profit Margin) / Number of Units

Software for Cost Estimation

Software tools can greatly enhance the precision and efficiency of cost estimation for laser cutting projects. Here are attributes of effective laser cutting cost estimation software:

  • Real-time Data Usage: It should use up-to-date material prices and machine running costs.
  • Process Parameters Input: The ability to input specific laser cutting parameters such as cutting speed and material type.
  • Material Database: An integrated database with various materials and their cost implications.
  • Quoting Functionality: Generates quotes based on the given parameters and calculations.

Selecting the proper software is crucial for businesses to provide accurate quotes and maintain profitability in laser cutting services.

Reducing Laser Cutting Expenses

Cost efficiency is attainable in laser cutting by utilizing a combination of thoughtful design, appropriate material selection, and streamlined production processes. These targeted strategies are essential in minimizing expenses without compromising quality.

Design Optimization

Effective designing plays a significant role in reducing costs. Simplified layouts with fewer cuts can lead to less machine time and, consequently, lower expenses. A designer can decrease the cost of a piece by analyzing the design elements such as cut paths and nesting patterns, ensuring material is used effectively. By adopting software solutions that improve design efficiency, one may reduce the need for costly proprietary programs.

Material Selection

Choosing the right materials can influence the overall cost dramatically. It’s beneficial to consider the use of recycled materials which might offer a cost advantage. Material costs vary widely, so selecting an appropriate type at an optimal price point is essential. A thorough assessment of material properties in relation to their suitability for a project allows one to balance cost with performance.

Efficient Production Practices

Adopting efficient production practices contributes to cost reductions in laser cutting. Manufacturers can become more cost-effective by optimizing machine setup, leveraging economies of scale with larger volume orders, and managing operational hours. Strategies such as minimizing downtime and maintaining equipment properly ensure that the cost per unit is kept as low as possible. Memberships with providers can offer discounts on cutting fees, translating to savings over time.

Comparative Cost Analysis

In assessing the financial implications of laser cutting, it’s crucial to compare it with traditional and alternative cutting methods in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

Laser Cutting vs. Traditional Cutting Methods

Traditional cutting methods include mechanical tools like saws and shears. Laser cutting is often faster and more precise than these traditional approaches, leading to reduced labor costs and minimal material wastage. However, setup and maintenance costs for laser cutting can be higher, and it requires higher energy consumption. Traditional methods, while more labor-intensive, have lower initial equipment expenses.

Laser Cutting vs. Waterjet Cutting

Waterjet cutting utilizes high-pressure water mixed with abrasive materials to cut through objects. The comparison lies in the quality of the cut and operational cost. While laser cutting is highly precise, offering excellent cut quality with a small heat-affected zone, waterjet cutting does not generate heat, reducing the risk of material distortion. Waterjet is more versatile, cutting through thicker and harder materials which could be expensive with laser due to slower speeds and increased power usage.

FeatureLaser CuttingWaterjet Cutting
PrecisionHighMedium
Cut QualityExcellentGood
Material DistortionMinimalNone
Equipment CostHigherHigh
Operational SpeedFastModerate
Energy ConsumptionHighMedium
Maintenance CostVariableHigh

Laser Cutting vs. Plasma Cutting

Compared to plasma cutting, which is suitable for cutting thick sheets of metal, laser cutting is more precise and makes cleaner cuts with a reduced heat-affected zone. Plasma cutting has a faster cutting speed on thicker materials and is generally lower in cost for equipment and operation; however, it has lower precision. Laser cutting provides a smoother surface finish, which is particularly beneficial when cut quality is paramount.

FeatureLaser CuttingPlasma Cutting
PrecisionHighModerate
Material ThicknessMediumHigh
Cut Speed (Thick Material)ModerateFast
Surface FinishSmoothRougher
Equipment CostHigherLower
Operational CostMediumLower
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